What is Police Act 1861


Police lives here under different state governments and rules related to police are made by different state legislatures. Some central laws for the police are also available across the country. This rule is enacted all over India, it is called Police Act 1861. The object of this Act is to re-constitute the police and to make it and the police more efficient in determining and detecting crimes.

Police Act 1861

Despite this act, different states have made police related acts in their own legislatures to give powers to their police, such as Madhya Pradesh Police Manual in Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu District Police Act in Tamil Nadu, in Uttar Pradesh Uttar Pradesh Police Act is passed.

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who is the police

All persons recruited under this Act under the Police Act 1861 shall be deemed to be police. This means that all the persons who are recruited to the police force under this Act, they all come under the meaning of police.

Inspector General of Police

The post of Inspector General of Police is told through the Act. Under section 4 of the Act,

“The administration of the police everywhere in the ordinary police district shall be vested in an officer to be called an Inspector-General of Police and such Deputy Inspector-General and Assistant Inspector-General of Police to be called an Inspector-General of Police and such Deputy Inspector-General and Assistant Inspector-General as the State Government may think fit.

The administration of the police everywhere within the local jurisdiction of the District Magistrate shall be vested in a District Superintendent under the general control and direction of such Magistrate and such Assistant District Superintendents as the State Government may consider necessary.”

power of inspector general

The Director General of Police gets all the other powers, which are available to an ordinary magistrate, but he will exercise these powers within the limits established by the State Government from time to time.

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certificate to police officers

section of the act 8 During the deployment of the police force under the IGP, other officers such as the Inspector General, who are elected by the Director General, give a certificate to the police officers there. The recipient of this certificate is aware of the rights and privileges of the police.

When the person mentioned in the certificate ceases to hold the post of a police officer for any reason, such certificate becomes ineffective or the police officer in possession shall hand over his certificate to the competent police officer.

Power to dismiss additional officers

The Inspector General of Police, Deputy Inspector General of Police, Assistant Inspector General of the District Superintendent, at any time has the power to remove, suspend, reduce any officer of subordinate ranks, if such subordinate officers are found to be laxly neglectful in the performance of their duties or not fit for that post. Be understood.

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This right has been exercised under Article 311 of the Constitution, subject to the rules made by the State Governments from time to time under the Act.

Under this right, punishment can also be given for discharging his duty with full devotion or neglect. That punishment can be as follows

  • A fine of any rupee over and above the salary of 1st March.
  • Deprived of salary forever.
  • Removal from any post with special or special achievement.
  • No police officer can leave his post without giving 2 months prior notice.
  • Police officer of any post of any level, District Superintendent or such officer as may be authorized to give such order, a police officer of any post cannot leave his post without giving notice to such officer, he should be given two months prior notice. letter has to be given.

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Police officer not to be engaged in any other employment

Under Section 9 of the Act, without the permission of the Inspector General of Police, the police officers cannot be used in any employment other than the use of this Act, as we know that the teachers working in the Education Department can be used for many other purposes. but police officers cannot be called for any other purpose unless the permission of the Inspector General is obtained.

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Additional Police Officers employed at personal expense

section of the act 13 To the Inspector-General of Police or to a Deputy Inspector-General or Assistant Inspector-General or District Superintendent under the general direction of the Magistrate of the District or on the application of any person presenting the requirement that the general police be at any place within the district Such police force shall otherwise be under the directions of the District Superintendent and shall be at the expense of the person making the application.

This means that any person can make an application to the Superintendent of Police to employ a police force for the purpose of making peace at a particular place, but the cost of this employment will be taken from the person making the application.

Police Officer Duties

  • Under Section 23 of the Act, it is the duty of all police officers to always comply with all instructions and warrants given to him through any competent authority.
  • Collect hidden things affecting public peace. Please inform, take measures to remove the crime of public nuisance. Tell the criminals and apprehend all those brought before the court whom it is legally authorized to apprehend and for whom there is sufficient evidence to apprehend.
  • It shall be permissible for all police officers to visit without warrant and inspect any place other than a bar, a casino, a gathering of corrupt persons for any of the functions mentioned in this section.
  • Penalty for not returning his certificate and all the material given for the performance of police duty for not holding a police post

section of the act under 28

If a person recruited under this Act does not continue to hold a police post, he will have to return the certificate given to him in the performance of his duties and all the materials which were necessary for the performance of the duty. If any person does not return that material, that person shall be punished with imprisonment of 6 months.

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Penalties given to police officers

Any abuse of his duties under this Act shall be the offense of intentionally breaking or anticipating any rule or regulation or systemic instruction made by a competent officer, who is without permission from the duties of his office. resigns after giving notice before the time of the month, being absent on leave does not attend duty without proper work on the expiry of such leave.

One who, without the authority to order, engages in any scheme other than his police duties, who is guilty of cowardice, or who commits unlawful physical violence to any person without the authority of his well-deserved defence, proved to be an offense before a Magistrate. shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three months, with or without rigorous imprisonment, with fine which may extend to three months, or with both.

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The police officer must keep a diary

It is the duty of the Officer-in-Charge of all police stations to keep a general diary in this document as the State Government may from time to time fix and record all the complainants and the offenses committed, the names of all the persons arrested, the names of the complainants. Mention the names of the charges leveled against him, and the property given to the agent in excess of his possession, the names of the witnesses examined. Magistrates of all districts have independent powers to call for and inspect such diaries.

Most of the powers under this act are given to the headman who performs the work of the district to control the police. Efforts are made that the executive head can try to make public peace in his opinion and provide security to the citizens of the state and protect their rights.

Different Acts and rules are made under this Act by different states, but still the importance of this Act is the most because this Act gives guidelines in a way.

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In this article we have told you Detailed information is given about the Police Act 1861. If you have any question related to this article, then you can ask through comment, we will respect your response.

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