Major Legal Glossary. Important Legal Glossary in Hindi


Indian In the law system system, many such words come in front of all the people, which are two words but understand the same meaning, but the meaning of those words are very different. The person who stays away from the legal case or the person who has no relation with the court etc., those people get confused by these words. Many people keep reading, seeing and using those words their whole life, even after that they are not able to get proper information about those words. These are confusing words. You are not able to tell due to lack of information whether this word will be correct for this consonant or that word will be correct, elements like confusion arise between two words.

major legal terminology

Sometimes words remain in words. There is no such thing as extracting the right meaning and people misunderstand the word in its place. Proper knowledge of the words of the system occupies a very important place in the knowledge of the system. It is necessary to have proper knowledge about words. From common people to system practitioners also need the correct meanings and terminology of words. In this article, detailed information is being given about all such words.

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Bills and Acts

In today’s time, the control of the state within the state through the state and the instructions for the citizens of the state and other citizens is called the system. The system has been described in Article 13 of the Indian Constitution, In which ordinance, order, bye-law, rule, regulation, notification, custom or custom law is considered.

Bills are the infancy of the Parliamentary system. An Act assumes the form of an Act only after it is billed. In a way it is said that when a bill gets majority, it becomes an Act. No bill takes the form of an Act without securing a substantial majority. If the bill cannot get majority then it can be said that the Act died in its infancy. A bill becomes an act only after the signature and stamp of the adequate houses and the President. As soon as the President puts his stamp on the bill, it becomes an act and gets passed as a system in the state. The bill cannot be called a system, because the bill is not passed prescriptively in the state, it remains in the Parliament. The Bill evolved into an Act.

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Section and Article

However, a sensible person knows very well the difference between an article and a clause. Section and Article are very confusing words for common people. These words confuse many leaders along with common people. They can’t even understand what to call a section and what to call a paragraph.

As you must have heard about Kashmir that Article 370 was also used through journalists to use the word Dhara along with 370, but the word Dhara is not quite right, it is Article 370.


In the general rules made through Parliament, the word section has been used to separate the subjects. A sub-section has also been brought along with the section. Section is called ‘section’ in English. Section is an important part of the Act. In any act, mainly the section is used, but orders and rules are also found in some acts.

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Articles are found in all the constitutions. In today’s time, hardly any constitution would be complete without an article. The constitution is divided into different parts and these parts are divided into articles, but there are no separate articles for different parts. Articles run straight like Article 1 begins and Constitution ends with Article 400.

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District and Sessions Court

The District and Sessions Court is written outside the court of almost all the districts in India. This court is known as District Court. These two courts are not the same, they have different meanings, but the person is the same. Generally we consider these two courts to be one court.

district court

If a civil case is heard, then the hearing court is called the District Court, that is, the highest court of the district which has the right to hear any civil case.

sessions court

Criminal cases are heard in the Sessions Court, that is, the Court of Session, which hears the biggest criminal cases in the district, would be the Sessions Court. For example, if a criminal is tried under section 302 of the Indian Penal Act, then he will be tried in the Sessions Court only, because the Sessions Judge has the jurisdiction to give death penalty and life imprisonment.

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Civil Judge and Magistrate and Executive Magistrate

Magistrate and Civil Judge are one person. It is ascertained on the basis of cases whether that case is civil or criminal.

When a civil case is heard by a judge, it is called a civil judge. These civil judges are first and second class. The category is determined on the basis of the jurisdiction to hear cases and the right to pronounce an order. A judge hearing civil cases below any district judge is called a civil judge.


If the same judge hears a criminal case, then he is called a magistrate. The Magistrate and Civil Judge are determined on the basis of the nature of the case. Executive Magistrate – This is a part of the executive, but it is also called a semi-judicial post, because it also has some judicial powers and duties.

bailable and free

In many cases, the bailable offender is presumed to be acquitted. There is a difference between surety and acquittal and this difference is a big difference.

The criminal legislation system in India is liberal. Here rules have been made to release any criminal on bail. A distinction has been made between bailable and non-bailable offences.

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Bailable means a person against whom a case is pending and that person has been released on bail by the courts and will be taken into custody again after his guilt is proved.


The means of acquittal means that the offender has been freed from all kinds of crimes in the trial and the offender is now free from crime, none of the crimes that were imposed on him have been proved.

criminal and convicted

There is also a difference between a criminal and a convicted. Offender is a person who is being prosecuted by the state for any crime. It is a far cry from us in India to determine the crime on any person, only after the FIR is registered, that person is considered guilty, whereas in India there is a long process to consider the offender as a convicted person. Most Indians don’t even know anything like Vicharana.

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Guilty is a person who, after being considered after the commission of the offense, is declared guilty through any court, that is, all the offenses against the offender have been proved and he is deemed to have committed the crime and that crime For that he is sentenced.

It is very easy to impose a crime by the state. Offenses are committed by the prescribed court. The state submits its final report to the court through the police or other investigative agency. It is the job of the court to determine the crime. The person should not feel guilty as soon as the crime is committed.

parliament and parliamentarians

The work of making legislation in a democratic system is done through the Parliament. The Indian Parliament is made up of the Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha and the President. All three are part of the Parliament. The Lok Sabha MPs of this Parliament and the members of both the houses of the Rajya Sabha are called MPs.

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Municipal Corporation and Municipality

Even with these two words common people get a lot of work. These two words have an important role in life. In modern times, these two words are considered the same, while there is a lot of difference between the word and its meaning.

Although, through different states, their own body legislation has been made, but still there is a systematic rule / law that in towns with a population of more than 20 thousand and in cities with a population of less than two lakhs, a municipality has been formed.

Municipal corporations have been formed in cities with population above two lakhs. The rules of Municipal Corporation and Municipality are different and the rights and duties are also different.

Combustible and non-combustible

There are two types of crimes. The first is compoundable and the second is non-combustible. The offenses which were asked for arbitration under the Criminal Procedure Act, that is, in which arbitration can be done, that offense is compoundable. Offenses in which arbitration cannot be done, i.e. in which either the crime will be acquitted or the offense will be proved through the court, but the crime will not be compounded. For example, under the Indian Penal Code, the offenses of section 302 and 376 etc., in many cases, people consider the crime like murder to be compoundable.

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In this article we have told you Similar words of law and their different meanings are given in detail. If you have any question related to this article, then you can ask through comment, we will respect your response.

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